NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD <p>Nigerian Journal of Dermatology is a publication by the Nigerian Association of Dermatologists. It is first specialized scientific journal dedicated to Dermatology in West Africa. The vision is that of proficiency in dissemination of Scientific information on&nbsp; skin health to dermatologist and physicians all over the world.</p> <p>The aim is to communicate scientific research results and policy issues in the health sciences particularly Dermatology and Allied Sciences , plastic surgery, Genitourinary Medicine (venereology), Pathology, Physiology, Biochemistry and Aesthetics.</p> <p>The NJD is dedicated to serving scientists in Africa, developing countries outside Africa and other parts of the world. Science is global, hence the journal accepts manuscripts from every geographical location across the world.</p> <p>There are pressing and specific problems related to Africa and to the people of colour. Acne Keloidalis nuchae, albinism and keloid are a few of the long list of cutaneous diseases peculiar to Africa awaiting basic researches and translational clinical researches with gratifying modalities of treatment.</p> <p>The edtitorial board will give priority to the advancement of researches, development and promotion of management modalities of such cutaneous health issues.</p> <p>Frequency of Publication: Quarterly</p> NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF DERMATOLOGISTS en-US NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2384-7395 <p>On acceptance, the copyright of the paper will be vested in the Journal/Publisher. All authors of the manuscript are required to sign the “Statement to be signed by all authors” and the transfer of the copyright.</p> Editorial board and Content https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/197 Olusola Ayanlowo Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 Severe “Maskne” Scarring: The face of Covid-19 prevention - A case report https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/183 <p>Facemask-induced acne, also known as ‘Maskne’ is a term coined during the Covid-19 pandemic. It is a form of acne mechanica which results from friction between the skin and the fabric used in facemasks. It may present as new onset acne, or exacerbation of existing acne. Acne scars are well known sequelae of inflammatory acne; the most common and more extensively studied type being atrophic scars. Post-acne hypertrophic or keloid scars are less commonly encountered in clinical practice and thus not frequently reported in the literature. They occur predominantly on the trunk, and are more often seen in dark-skinned persons. They have not been reported following ‘maskne’ in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Acne scars add to the burden of disease and are a major cause of the negative psychosocial impact experienced by sufferers. We herein report the case of a 26-year-old military personnel, who developed exacerbation of acne following a period of prolonged use of cloth facemask that resulted in post-maskne hypertrophic scars on the face.</p> Eshan Henshaw Love E Okafor Chinwendu E. NWIGWE Thelma E. Bassey Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 Papulonodular Mucinosis in Childhood Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/186 <p>Background: Papulonodular mucinosis in childhood subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) is very uncommon. We report a unique case of SCLE in a dark-skin individual. A nine-year-old Nigerian boy who initially presented with recurrent, red, annular, discreet papules/plaques on scalp, face, upper arms, palms, lower abdomen, thighs and later with patchy alopecia, subcutaneous nodules on both upper arms. Diagnosis was confirmed by histology, Alcian blue staining, presence of SSA antibody; and, patient responded to hydroxychloroquine and sun protective measures.</p> <p>This case reports hyperpigmentation as a feature of SCLE in a dark-skinned individual and the involvement of SCLE in non-photosensitive body regions such as palms, thighs and lower abdomen.</p> Perpetua Ibekwe Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 PATTERN OF CUTANEOUS LESIONS IN PATIENTS WITH OCULOCUTANEOUS ALBINISM IN SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA. https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/187 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder with huge medical, social, psychological, occupational and economic burden. The cutaneous features and complications of albinism are variable, depending on the type of albinism.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The study objective was to describe the pattern of cutaneous lesions in people with oculocutaneous albinism.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>This was a cross-sectional study involving forty-eight individuals with oculocutaneous albinism resident in Osun, Oyo and Ondo states, South-Western Nigeria. The study participants had their skin examined by Dermatologists and histology was performed on biopsy specimen of skin lesions with unclear clinical diagnosis and those with suspicion for malignancy.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study participants were between ages 11 to 61 years (mean age 34.5 <strong>± </strong>11.3 years). Majority of the participants (60.4%) work predominantly outdoor. All but one (97.9%) of the participants had at least one photo-dermatosis, while 12.7% had additional non-photo-induced dermatoses. Dermatoheliosis (77.1%) and solar lentigines (66.7%) were the two most common photo-dermatoses. More than half of the study participants (52.1%) had pre-malignant skin lesion (actinic keratosis), while malignant skin tumours were observed in 18.8% of the subjects.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study shows there is a high burden of photo-dermatoses as well as pre-malignant and malignant skin tumours, even among younger population of people with oculocutaneous albinism.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Albinism, photo-dermatosis, dermatoheliosis, pre-malignant, malignant, tumours.</p> Ademola Enitan Atinuke Ajani Olayinka Olasode Babatunde Olasode Hamidah Bello Murphy Oripelaye Ugochukwu Umeaku Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 The effect of skin diseases on quality of life in adults attending the Dermatology Clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/182 <p>Background: Skin diseases have a major impact on patients' lives in terms of psychological well-being, social functioning and everyday activities. The extent of impairment in daily functioning is related to severity of the condition and cosmetic appearance and affects quality of life. &nbsp;</p> <p>Objective: To assess the impact of skin diseases on QoL based on the hypothesis that skin diseases significantly impair QoL. To explore determinants of QoL and relationship of disease subtype to QoL.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in a dermatology clinic in Lagos, between December 2010 and January 2012. Consenting adults aged 18 years were recruited. DLQI Nigerian English and Yoruba versions were used; consisting of 10 items evaluating impact of skin disease on daily life over the past 7 days. The questions concern symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships and treatment. DLQI score has a maximum of 30 and a minimum of 0.</p> <p>Results: Analysis was done on 2599 forms. There were more females (57.4%, 1491) than males (42.6%; 1108); mean age was 36.04 ± 14.14 years. Majority (27.9%) presented with a skin infection, while 23.7% had papulosquamous disorders. Total percentage DLQI score ranged from 0 – 100%, with a mean total % score of 34.11 ± 25.23. Highest mean total % score was in the ‘symptoms and feelings’ domain; and lowest mean total % score was in the ‘treatment’ domain’.</p> <p>Conclusion: DLQI is a useful, feasible tool for this environment; it can be used to assess quality of life and enhance the quality of care.</p> <p>Key words: DLQI, adults, QoL, Nigeria, Quality of life</p> Ayesha Omolara Akinkugbe Mobolanle Rasheedat Balogun Olusola AYANLOWO Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 Prevalence and Spectrum of Skin Disorders Among Children Attending the General Out-Patient Clinic of Federal Medical Center Lokoja Kogi State https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/188 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Skin disorders are common in children and its prevalence varies with location. Epidemiological studies are therefore important in identifying the dermatological needs of children in an environment. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and spectrum of skin disorders of primary and secondary presentation among children.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This cross-sectional study involved 2,725 participants recruited consecutively and examined for skin disorders irrespective of their reason for presentation. Socio-demographic data were collected. Skin disorders were mainly diagnosed clinically with relevant laboratory investigations as indicated.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Three hundred participants had skin disorders giving a prevalence of 11.0%. There were 305 skin diagnoses made. Skin disorders occurred mostly among males 176 (58.7%) and children less than 2 years 102 (34.0%). Skin infections and infestations were the predominant category 134 (43.9%) and fungal dermatoses were the most common 62 (47.6%). The common specific skin conditions were tinea capitis 47 (1.7%), seborrheic dermatitis 26 (1.0%), papular urticaria 23 (0.8%) and chickenpox 17 (0.6%). Among the 305 skin disorders, over a third 99 (32.5%) were of secondary presentation with fungal skin infections 26 (26.2%) being the most common. Secondary presentation was more common among males (p=0.005) and showed increased prevalence among those of higher social status (p=0.034).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Skin disorders occurred in about 1in 10 children seen at the general outpatient clinic with a predominance of infective skin disorders. In about a third of the children, the skin disorders were not the main reason for presentation and this was most common with the fungal dermatoses. &nbsp;This emphasizes the need to improve identification among health care practitioners to aid prompt and adequate treatment of children with skin disorders.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Skin disorders, children, spectrum</p> Feyisayo Oyeleke Sherifat Katibi Gabriel Joseph Aisha Jummai Bello Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 2021 Conference Proceedings: Abstract https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/198 Olusola Ayanlowo Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1 News https://nigjdermatology.com/index.php/NJD/article/view/199 folakemi Cole-Adeife Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 12 1